Here are some factors to consider when developing a comprehensive training plan. This is not rocket science, but each factor must be carefully considered and factored into the plan.
Demands of the sport and the position or event
The qualities of the individual athlete
Pattern of Injuries relative to the event
?24 Hour Athlete? Concept – What are they doing when they are not training?
Gender – Female athletes must have different training programs
The time frame available to execute the plan
Specific goals of the training program
Current state of fitness
Current level of technical development