There will be some correlation. A 13s 100m guy likely won't be as fast over 40 yards as an 11s 100m guy. It wouldnt be a perfect correlation though as I dont think we could safely say a 10.5 guy is faster over 40 yards than a 10.9 guy. Leonard Scott is the perfect example of this. Hes got to be one of the fastest 40 yard guys to ever live but until recently hasnt been able to match that level of performance at 100m.
your example is a lil extreme, u have hs coaches saying a 11.0-10.9 runner should be running 4.2-4.3's.