There are many tests with good correlations between performance at a task and fibre type composition: vertical jump height, drop jump reactivity, isokinetic testing, sprinting(!!) or endurance running, and tendon-tap reflex timing. Also the speed of movement in the CMJ etc. On a more humourous side – the ability to withstand overspeed running but don’t try that because people can get hurt. Understand that correlation does not imply causation.
I’m guessing that your motive is to determine whether someone is suitable to sprinting or jumping. Your best bet is to train them and then test them really. Or do you have something else in mind?